Twenty-two year old Alexander Grubb (1842-1925) was in charge of the Armstrong gun used in the fighting on 21 June 1864. A lieutenant in the 68th Light Infantry Regiment, Grubb was an officer in the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. Sometime after 21 June, Grubb made this watercolour of the rifle pits at Te Ranga. They are empty of people.
Alexander Grubb's watercolours from Tauranga are now in the collection of the National Library of Australia. Further details are listed on our Sources page.
William Main and John B. Turner, New Zealand photography from the 1840s to the present, Auckland: Photoforum Inc., 1933
Jeff Rosenheim, Photography and the American Civil War, New York: Metropolitan Museum of New York, 2013